India’s rich heritage and culture remains unparalleled, and the country’s unity in diversity is still being looked at with awe by the entire world, Justice V. Ramasubramanian, Judge, Madras High Court, said in Tiruchi on Saturday.
The greatness of our culture should be made known to the younger generation, Justice Ramasubramanian said speaking at the first anniversary celebration of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Tiruchi Kendra.
Despite being a plural society with diverse communities, ethnic races and people speaking different languages, democracy remains firm in India.
The greatness of India is that though it had encountered invasions, it never went on the offensive and did not invade any part of the world, he observed. Citing several discoveries made during the ancient times in India, Justice Ramasubramanian said “India was the cradle of human race and the birth place of human speech,” quoting Mark Twain, an American novelist.
“We owe a lot to the Indians who taught us how to count without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made,” Justice Ramasubramanian said referring to the quote of famous physicist Albert Einstein about India. India’s rich culture and tradition remain an inspiration for the rest of the world, he said.
The secretary, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Tiruchi, T.V. Murali, read out the annual report. The Bhavan’s Tiruchi Kendra chairman, S. Chandrakumar, welcomed the gathering.
Under the new syllabus pattern of the Civil Services Examination conducted by the UPSC, the topic, ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ has been accorded great weightage. ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ spans across the entire length and breadth of Indian History and thus needs to be prepared holistically. In essence, if traditional Indian History is the ‘hardware’, then ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ is the ‘software’ where our glorious traditions come alive. It involves the study of aesthetics, customs, social and economic aspects of art, etc. Students around the country face difficulties in preparing for this topic, owing much to the vast nature and scope of the syllabus. At BYJU’s we have addressed this key concern with a comprehensive coverage of the entire syllabus under ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’, that proceeds in a clear, chronological manner, appreciating developments in art, architecture, culture, etc. in each phase. Below are some important topics within ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ that must be covered by Civil Services aspirants.
- Stone Age
- The Harappan Civilization
- Mauryan Period
- Post- Mauryan Phase: The period of Shungas, Kanvas and Satavahanas
- Kushana Period
- Gupta Dynasty
- Temple Architecture Styles
- Literature and Philosophy
- Medieval Period
- 15-16th Century Regional Kingdoms
- Mughal Period
- Decline of Mughals and Rise of Provincial Kingdoms
- Modern Period
- Dance, Music, Paintings, Literature, Food, Fairs and Festivals
Placing things in perspective It is important to note that just like how there are important markers in Indian History, there are important markers in ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ as well. For example,
- Harappan art is often called ‘Utilitarian Art’. This was because, the art of this period largely had functional utility. Decorations were bare and not on an extravagant level.
- The art that flourished during the Mauryan Period, was largely ‘Court Art’. It is called so because the art of this phase enjoyed royal patronage. For example, Emperor Ashoka popularized art in this period.
- The art that flourished during the Post-Mauryan period was largely ‘Popular Art’. This is so because, even common people started participating in several activities involving art. We find a large number of donors, who donated their personal wealth to certain Buddhist and Jain monasteries.
- Then we find that during the Gupta period, art becomes largely ‘Religious Art’. After the Gupta Period, we find that new forms of art developed during the Sultanate Period. During this period we find that several mosques, tombs and Mausoleums were constructed. After the Sultanate period, we find a period of interaction and mutual enrichment. The local art of India gets enriched due to its interaction with foreign art.
- Later, with the coming of the Mughals, we find the Golden period of Indian architecture. Then, we find Colonial art and architecture, which was yet another phase of interaction and enrichment. Indian artists learnt new things from foreign influences. Finally, the art of post-independent India largely speaks of a self-sufficient country.
So, students, we have just seen how easy it is to place key developments pertaining to ‘Indian Heritage and Culture’ in perspective. Preparing topics like this, creates an imprint on our mind, which we won’t forget. The BYJU’s UPSC Tablet programme offers Civil Services aspirants a comprehensive course of recorded lectures, covering the entire spectrum of the Civil Service Examination syllabus. The lectures are immersive and provide students with easy access to quality content at their fingertips. The course is designed specifically for the Civil Services Examination. <To watch a sample video on ‘Temple Architecture Styles’, click on the below link>