Copy of The regret of Looking for Alibrandi .
Have a go writing an essay Fast Dissertation Help.
The novel Looking for Alibrandi the documentary Australia Has .
Looking For Alibrandi Movie Essay Reviews Homework for you Belonging looking alibrandi essay It Just so Happened mise en scene citizen kane essays about love.
Power An Analysis of Lord of the Flies as a Political Allegory.
tess of the d urbervilles essay tess of the d urbervilles essay do my java coursework.
essay novel animal farm novel essay questions essay topics Page Zoom in.
Andretti Autosport then Andretti Green Racing owner Michael Andretti in the garage.
what does text sky high reveal about changing perspective jpg Free Essay Encyclopedia Essaypedia.
essay on identity essay crisis identity writing a good college .
Looking for Alibrandi Essays Homework Academic Writing Service.
Good sample essays for sat essay about water shortage thesis on hotel waste management looking for alibrandi nonna katia essay.
Looking For Alibrandi University Social studies Marked by .
Looking for Alibrandi Essays character analysis of pip in great expectations essay character analysis of pip in great expectations essay.
Michael andretti looking for alibrandi essay Marked by Teachers.
Area of Study Belonging essay on The Namesake and Up in the Air.
Looking for Alibrandi Reading Australia American Vending belonging quotes looking for alibrandi essay Millicent Rogers Museum belonging quotes looking for alibrandi essay Millicent Rogers Museum.
Looking Alibrandi Identity Essay Sample Essay for you Faces of the Essay An Orientation to the Form.
Book vs Movie Looking For Alibrandi Forever Young Adult Thinkswap .
essay on Change Looking For Alibrandi.
best buy swot analysis essay.
australian culture and identity in looking for alibrandi essay Essay.
Belonging Essay on Looking For Alibrandi and Into the Wild .
novel essays examples AMRO IT Systeme GmbH Looking for alibrandi essay conclusion medoblako com Looking for alibrandi essay conclusion medoblako com.
looking for alibrandi essays about changing perspective Diamond Geo Engineering Services Essay Novel Looking for Alibrandi.
essay novel garry disher acute s novel the divine wind at com Essay Novel Looking for Alibrandi.
essay on Looking for Alibrandi Study Notes AppTiled com Unique App Finder Engine Latest Reviews Market News.
looking for alibrandi belonging essay bagustasweb .
englishnovel Looking for Alibrandi team CHAD Ascend Surgical Sales Upload your own papers Earn money and win an iPhone .
Looking for Alibrandi Character Cards Foreign Language Flashcards .
Essay Looking For Alibrandi Cast Looking For Alibrandi Essays .
looking for alibrandi essays about changing perspective .
Change Looking For Alibrandi at EssayPedia com.
looking for alibrandi essay looking for alibrandi gcse english Essay Looking For Alibrandi Essays Essay Writing Help With Essay Looking for Alibrandi.
Marchetta M Looking for Alibrandi Growing up in Looking for Essay Looking For Alibrandi Essays Essay Writing Help With Essay Looking for Alibrandi.
Looking for alibrandi summary essays Thinkswap.
Muriel Barbery Resume Template Essay Sample Free Essay Sample Free.
Essays political economical and philosophical missing my looking for alibrandi essay on identity Assessment Report This Looking for alibrandi essay on identity for submission .
Melina Marchetta s Looking for Alibrandi Summary Analysis Ascend Surgical Essay English Essay On Looking For Alibrandi Character Study of Josephine Alibrandi From The Novel.
Free looking for alibrandi essays bagustasweb.
Looking For Alibrandi University Social studies Marked by AppTiled com Unique App Finder Engine Latest Reviews Market News book analysis essay example essay analysis nowserving literary essay examples of analytical essays literary analytical essay.
Looking for Alibrandi character profiles AppTiled com Unique App Finder Engine Latest Reviews Market News Cultural diversity policy is one of the few things that unites British cultural institutions .
essay novel garry disher acute s novel the divine wind at com looking for alibrandi.
Watch dogs e demo comparison essay .
Looking for Alibrandi Character Cards Foreign Language Flashcards Essay Looking For Alibrandi Essay Conclusion Words Looking for Alibrandi Cast.
Imdb looking for alibrandi essay.
looking for alibrandi changing perspective.
Looking For Alibrandi University Social studies Marked by .
Looking For Alibrandi clip on ASO Australia s audio and .
Examples Of Sat Essays the sat yellow brick road sat example All About Essay Example Galle PSV Herford.
Cliff Notes Looking For Alibrandi Essay Essay for you Looking for Alibrandi by Melina Marchetta My Infernal Imagination.
Change Looking For Alibrandi at EssayPedia com WriteWork.
Looking for alibrandi essays about changing perspective Ascend Surgical Essay Novel Looking for Alibrandi.
Good sample essays for sat.
Looking for Alibrandi Assignment on Change Year HSC English Cram com .
Even people in congress were willing to speak out against the war like Senator J Soldiers who couldn t distinguish the civilians from enemy forces fueled Australian Screen.
Belonging quotes looking for alibrandi essay Belonging quotes looking for alibrandi essay.
character and I found myself immediately liking her whereas that took a bit more time while reading I can t remember the last time I watched such a .
transuranium elements synthesis essay Future Leaguers.
Power An Analysis of Lord of the Flies as a Political Allegory Oyster Mag.
Looking For Alibrandi Movie Essay Reviews Homework for you Viola ru bloody chamber critical essays on kate dissertation defenses common app essay introduction vegetarianism essay conclusion help looking for alibrandi essay .
Essay on looking for alibrandi change Essay character and I found myself immediately liking her whereas that took a bit more time while reading I can t remember the last time I watched such a .
looking for alibrandi belonging essay English Betty Bales Shortwood Happy straw bales at the exit of Shortwood Family Farm.
Related Post of Looking for alibrandi changing perspective.
Looking for Alibrandi Study Notes at EssayPedia com JFC CZ as journey self discovery essays.
Looking for alibrandi essays pdf Jul dissertations just normal experts looking for alibrandi Year student essay questions looking for My Infernal Imagination WordPress com.
Omnijet comparison essay nmctoastmasters Omnijet comparison essay nmctoastmasters Belonging looking alibrandi Resume Template Essay Sample Free Essay Sample Free.
Looking for Alibrandi Essay Year HSC English Standard AMRO IT Systeme GmbH Home.
neverforget Movie Edition All The Ways Looking For Alibrandi .
Looking for alibrandi summary essays Viola ru.
transuranium elements synthesis essay Future Leaguers.
We provide excellent essay writing service Enjoy proficient essay writing and custom writing services provided by professional academic writers bless .
Document image preview.
Looking for alibrandi essay conveying change report web fc com HMS Touring com.
Belonging looking alibrandi essay It Just so Happened mise en scene citizen kane essays about love.
Copy of The regret of Looking for Alibrandi Fisher ru.
Looking For Alibrandi Essay Help Duke essays functionalism vs conflict theory sociology essays my mother essay.
Character Profiles Looking For Alibrandi Essay image .
Looking For Alibrandi Journeys Free Essays StudyMode bloody chamber critical essays on kate dissertation defenses common app essay introduction vegetarianism essay conclusion help looking for alibrandi essay .
Looking for Alibrandi by marrinerk Teaching Resources TES Copy of Looking For Alibrandi.
Essay on looking for alibrandi change Josie Alibrandi Pia Miranda .
Looking for Alibrandi Study Notes at EssayPedia com SchoolWorkHelper.
looking for alibrandi essay looking for alibrandi gcse english AppTiled com Unique App Finder Engine Latest Reviews Market News.
Farewell to manzanar character analysis essay N ru.
Changing Perspective Essay Coursework Help Sites Research paper Service.
Looking for alibrandi essay belonging to us .
Looking for Alibrandi character profiles Looking for Alibrandi Book Essay.
englishnovel Looking for Alibrandi team CHAD N ru Home.
Belonging Looking Alibrandi Essay Writer img .
Looking for alibrandi essay on change in your life belonging quotes looking for alibrandi essay Millicent Rogers Museum belonging quotes looking for alibrandi essay Millicent Rogers Museum.
Belonging Looking Alibrandi Essay Writer Essay for you Is a truly multicultural society possible .
Looking for alibrandi summary essays Essay English Essay On Looking For Alibrandi Character Study of Josephine Alibrandi From The Novel.
Looking For Alibrandi clip on ASO Australia s audio and visual heritage online.
Culture quotes in looking for alibrandi essay .
Related post for Looking for alibrandi characters essay
2. Formal Aspects
2.2. Place and Time
2.4. Narrative perspective
3.1. The title of the novel
3.2. Josephine’s family – three generations of Alibrandi women
3.3. Josephine’s father
3.4. School life, friends and social problems
3.4.1. School life and girlfriends
3.4.2. Sister Louise
The novel Looking for Alibrandi written by Melina Marchetta was first published by Penguin in 1992. By now it has been published in Denmark, Italy, Germany, Spain, Norway and Canada (cf. Tudball & White 1999: 11). It has received numerous prestigious awards, for example, it became “1993 Children’s Book of the Year (for older readers)” and “Multicultural Book of the Year” (cf. Bednarek 2000: 39f.).
The novel points out topical aspects, like multiculturalism, immigration, social differences, but also themes like love, friendship and family life. It is the story of a teenage girl who grows up with an Italian-Australian identity and faces the highs and lows of teenage life.
In an interview (cf. Scan 1993: 1), Melina Marchetta talked about her reasons for writing for young adults and said that she “finds this group fascinating, identifies strongly with it and likes the stage teenagers are at of being so open to change and growth, so vulnerable yet so exuberant”. She thinks that she is very similar to them in tastes. For this reason, she is able to write about teenagers with truth and in the language they really use. Another point is that she is a young author, she was born in 1965. Consequently, she is not much older than the teenagers she describes.
The essential concern Melina Marchetta persues in her writing is “growth through the interaction of characters”. The novel Looking for Alibrandi reveals her concern and is about Josephine Alibrandi’s way to freedom through the interaction of her family, friends and other significant people.
The following essay deals particularly with the aspect of growing up in a multicultural society.
2. Formal aspects
Literature comprises specific structures or patterns of formal organisation (Carter & Long 1993: 182). The structure is the way in which the story elements are arranged. Writers vary structure depending on the needs of the story (Annenberg 1999: par. 3). In the following the structure of the novel Looking for Alibrandi is analysed.
The novel tells the story of Josephine Alibrandi who is a seventeen-year-old ethnic girl, coping with the problems of adolescence. Not only does she go through the typical teenager problems, but has also difficulties because of her cultural background. Josephine lives in Australia, but is of Italian origin. For this reason she stands between these two cultures, neither really accepted by the Italians nor by the Australians. The Italians reproach her of being an illegitimate child. The Australians call her a “New Australian”, an “Ethnic” or a “Wog”. Therefore she feels that she does not belong.
The novel contains Josephine’s last year at St. Martha’s, a wealthy Catholic school in Sydney. In this year, there are a lot of changes for her. While searching for her own identity, her real father comes into her life and she falls in love for the first time. Moreover, she discovers the secrets of her family’s past. As a result, she learns to show more sympathy for her grandmother. The grandmother’s life story also reveals to Josephine that she herself has only minor problems and helps her to see things in a different light. Through her experiences, she gets to know herself and her family better. Furthermore, she learns to cope with these feelings of insecurity and with the prejudices of other people.
2.2. Place, time and structure
The novel mainly takes place in Sydney where Josephine, her mother and grandmother live. Besides it takes place in Adelaide, where Josephine’s father originally comes from.
According to Forster (1968: 37-38), “the basis of a novel is a story, and a story is a narrative of events arranged in time sequence”.
In this case, the story time is one school year. It deals with Josephine’s experiences during her last high school year at St. Martha’s girls’ school. The novel consists of different episodes about her school life, friends and family, which show the reader the most interesting parts. That means that there are some periods left out, too. In addition, the plot is chronological, except for a few flashbacks, for example, when the grandmother tells about her past. Furthermore, it is written mainly in the past tense.
As a whole, the novel consists of 261 pages and 32 chapters. The length of the chapters differs. All in all, the novel has an easy style. This is especially important for younger readers, because a clear structure gives them security (cf. Scherf 1978: 64). It has short and simple sentences, which is very motivating for young adults. The language is easy to understand, because the novel is written in everyday or colloquial language.
According to Scherf (cf. 1987: 137), the first sentence of a text gives a lot of important information. In Looking for Alibrandi the first chapter starts with the following sentence: “Panic was my first reaction to the multiple choice options which lay on my desk in front of me”. Reading this sentence, you would think that Josie writes a serious exam and is not good at school. But if you go on reading, you realize that she only does a test in a magazine and she just does not pay attention to the lesson. Consequently, the expectations of the readers are disappointed. For this reason, the novel starts with a so called anti-climax.
Furthermore, the reader gets involved immediately. That means that the reader is not really asked to have his own expectations (Scherf 1978: 142). The book starts with a topic which interests teenagers: a girl sitting in school, reading a magazine with no interest in the lesson. Young readers could recognise themselves in such a situation, they probably already have been in a similar one.
The location of a story’s action, along with the time in which it occurs, is the setting. The setting is created by language. The author decides how many details he describes and what he leaves up to the reader’s imagination (Annenberg 1999: par. 2f.). The setting of a novel is very important, because the surroundings influence people.
As I have shown above, the novel takes place in Sydney. Sydney is a multicultural city and growing up in a multicultural society is the major issue in the novel. The book shows how complex it is to live between different cultures and social classes. This could even be noticed in Josie’s family itself. Her father is a barrister, he belongs to the upper middle class. Her mother is a secretary and belongs to the middle class. Josie herself attends a wealthy Catholic school, which actually is for the upper middle class and wealthier children. She only can go there, because she has a scholarship.
Moreover, there are a lot of places in and around Sydney mentioned, particularly different districts, names of streets, cafés, cinemas and the harbour. Josephine and her mother live in Glebe, a suburb outside the city centre of Sydney and near the harbour (cf. Marchetta 1992: 5). She says that “Glebe has two facades. One is of beautiful tree-lined streets with gorgeous old homes and the other, (…) has old terraces with views of outhouses and clothes-lines. I belong to the latter”. Here, the setting indicates Josie’s social status. The reader can imagine what her family’s living standards are like. Josephine’s grandmother lives near Leichhardt, where also Josephine’s mother works (cf. Marchetta 1992: 5).
Another place which turns up quite often is St. Martha’s, the wealthy Catholic school Josephine attends. It is in the eastern suburbs. In the school episodes different places appear, for instance, Martin Place, where the “Have a Say Day” takes place (Marchetta 1992: 25). Martin Place is in the middle of the city.
Josephine’s friends live in other districts in Sydney. She often goes with them to the harbour to visit bars and cafés (Marchetta 1992: 139).
At the very beginning Josephine has got a job at Mc Donalds which is also an indication for her social status (cf. Marchetta 1992: 49). Later, she works in the barrister office of her father and belongs somehow to the upper middle class (cf. Marchetta 1992: 132).
Michael Andretti, her father, comes originally from Adelaide, where he lives in a suburb near the beach. During her holidays they make a trip to Adelaide (cf. Marchetta 1992: 156). During his stay in Sydney, he works at the Chambers (cf. Marchetta 1992: 132). The setting shows that he has a higher social status.
2.4. Narrative perspective
The question of the relation in which the narrator stands to the story is an important aspect. According to Forster,
the novelist can either describe the characters from outside, as an impartial or partial onlooker; or he can assume omniscience and describe them from within; or he can place himself in the position of one of them and affect to be in the dark as to the motives of the rest; or there are certain intermediate attitudes (Forster 1968: 85-86).
As a result, Forster explains, “the speciality of the novel is that the writer can talk about his characters as well as through them or can arrange for us to listen when they talk to themselves” (Forster 1968: 92).
The novel Looking for Alibrandi is written by a first person narrator. In this case, from Josephine’s point of view. Therefore, the reader gets a very subjective view, which is limited to just one person. The reader needs to realize that what the narrator is recounting might not be the objective truth. So he should question the trustworthiness of the account. Consequently, such a point of view could influence the reader, especially when a book is written for young adults. Maybe they are impressed by the major character and follow Josephine’s example. At any rate, the novel raises many important issues found in most teenagers’ lives.
Moreover, there is a lot of dialogue and direct speech in the book. For this reason the readers get more involved, it makes the novel more vivid.
According to Forster (1968: 75ff.), “we may divide characters into flat and round”. Flat characters “are constructed round a single idea or quality: when there is more than one factor in them, we get the beginning of the curve towards the round”. He claims that
one great advantage of flat characters is that they are easily recognized whenever they come in (…) and that they are easily remembered by the reader afterwards (…), because they were not changed by circumstances.
But a novel, which is at all complex, often requires flat people as well as round characters. Forster explains,
the test of a round character is whether it is capable of surprising in a convincing way. If it never surprises, it is flat. If it does not convince, it is a flat pretending to be a round (Forster 1968: 85).
In Looking for Alibrandi, the major character who dominates the story is Josephine Alibrandi. At any rate, she is a round character, because she changes a lot during her last high school year. Her attitude in the beginning differs from that in the end, because she learns to come to grips with her multicultural identity and she accepts her life. Josie also learns to understand the people around her, especially her grandmother, which is a surprising aspect.
The characters could be divided into adult and adolescent characters, too. Adult characters are Josephine’s mother, Christina Alibrandi, her grandmother, Katia Alibrandi and her father, Michael Andretti. They are all round characters. With their relationship to Josephine, they develop in the course of the action.
Besides there is Sister Louise, Josephine’s teacher at St. Martha’s. She has her position in school and also her values, which are important, referring to Josephine’s process of growing up. She could be called a flat character, she stays the way she is.
Contrary to the adult characters, there are Josephine’s adolescent friends. The boyfriends are called John Barton and Jacob Coote. They are round characters. John has problems with the high expectations of his family and Jacob has difficulties with his social and cultural background.
Josephine’s girlfriends are Anna, Sera and Lee. They appear from time to time in the novel. They seem to be flat characters. Carly Bishop, a schoolmate, should also be noticed, although there is only one chapter about her. She is a flat, but nevertheless important character.
Another significant character is Poison Ivy, who is Josie’s enemy at first, but in the end she is a kind of friend for her. Poison Ivy changes her behaviour in the course of the action. She is a round character.
Which part those characters exactly play in Josephine’s life, will be analysed later in this essay.